What is Gum Disease

What is Gum Disease?

What-is-Gum-Disease What is Gum Disease?If gum disease is not treated, it can become a very serious problem.   Your teeth can become loose or can even fall out. Gum disease is usually caused by a buildup of plaque, which is an invisible sticky layer of germs that forms on the teeth and gums surface. The plaque contains bacteria that produce pollutants that can irritate and damage the gums. These are some of the stages of gum disease:


This is the earliest stage of gum disease – sensitivity of the gums caused by the accumulation of plaque in the gum line. If daily brushing and flossing do not remove plaque, it produces toxins (poisons) that can irritate the gum tissue, causing gingivitis. You may have noticed some bleeding during brushing and flossing, and that is because of the plaque. In this first stage of gum disease, damage can be reversed, since the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth have not been affected.


This is the stage in which the bone and fibers that hold teeth in place are irreversibly damaged. The gums may begin to form a pocket below the gum line, which traps food and plaque. Proper dental treatment and improved home care can help prevent further damage.

Periodontitis Complex / Advanced:

In this final stage of gum disease, the fibers and bone that support the teeth are completely destroyed, which can cause your teeth to shift or loosen. This can affect your bite and, if aggressive treatment cannot save them, it may be necessary to separate or even remove the teeth.

Other common reasons for Gum Disease:

  • The hormonal changes associated with pregnancy can increase chances of getting gum disease. The mildest form of gum disease is called “pregnancy gingivitis”
  • Smoking has a huge impact on oral health. Smoking build up plaque on teeth over time, resulting in gum disease. Smoke continues to minimize the flow of blood in our bodies, which in return prevents nutrients from reaching the tissue around the teeth.
  • One of the most important thing you can do to prevent gum disease is to floss daily before brushing.

Early treatment of the gum disease is very important. The goal of treatment is to prevent gum disease, tissue damage, infection control, and prevent tooth loss.

For treatment to be effective, you must:

  • Keep your teeth clean
  • Brush twice a day
  • Floss once a day
  • Visit your dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings.


Teeth Whitening - How Does It Work

Teeth Whitening – How Does It Work?

Teeth-Whitening-How-Does-It-Work Teeth Whitening - How Does It Work?For those who want a brighter smile, teeth whitening may be a great option. Teeth whitening can minimize staining and discoloration, and eventually result in whiter and brighter teeth.

What stains your teeth?  Many factors, including aging, medicines, tea, coffee, cola and cigarettes, can contribute to stained teeth.  Other factors include genetics and disease.  Some people have naturally whiter tooth enamel and their children can inherit this as well.

Dentists must ensure that the patient is well educated about whitening treatments. Dr. Ngo can help you plot the best course for getting a brighter, healthier smile.  Call us today at 703-865-6677!

Finding a Good Cosmetic Dentist

Finding a Good Cosmetic Dentist

Depositphotos_21845155_xl-300x210 Finding a Good Cosmetic DentistYour smile is often the first thing people see when they look at you.  If you are not satisfied with the appearance of your smile, you may want to look into cosmetic dental procedures.

It is very important to ensure that you have chosen the best cosmetic dentist you can find. It’s going to take time and effort to do this, but your smile will thank you!

Ask your friends – if you have friends who have had cosmetic dental work done, ask what they were. Tips from your friends can be very useful, especially if you want a beautiful smile. Be sure to ask if they were satisfied with the procedure and what are the results? Would they recommend their dentist? Once you have asked your friends, you can start compiling a list of potential cosmetic dentists that you want to visit.

Search on the Internet – if you do not know anyone who has used a cosmetic dentist, you will have to find another way to add dentists to your list. Use the phone book or Internet to research potential dentists in your area. At this point, use the location and the information contained in its website as a base to put the dentist on your list.

Pick up the phone – at this point, you will want to call the dentists for more information. This is the beginning of the selection process. Because some cosmetic dental procedures are not covered by insurance, you want to find information on billing, what kind of payment plans are available, and more.  Also, ask them if they have any references that you can call, and how they schedule consultations.

Sit down with a few of the dentists you have chosen, and choose the dentist that seems best suited to you.